Martinique | Facts & Information

  • Martinique Profile
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Facts & Figures

  • Status: Overseas Department

    Prefect: Ange Mancini (2007)

    Land area: 409 sq mi (1,059 sq km); total area: 425 sq mi (1,100 sq km)

    Population (2012 est.): 412,305 (growth rate: 0.3%); birth rate: 13.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 7.2/1000; life expectancy: 79.6; density per sq km: 360.9

    Capital and largest city (2006 est.): Fort-de-France 90,347

    Other large cities: Le Lamentin, 36,400; Schoelcher, 21,400; Sainte-Marie, 20,600

    Monetary unit: euro

    Languages: French, Creole patois

    Ethnicity/race: African and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, Indian Tamil or East Indian, Chinese less than 5%

    Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 5%

    Literacy rate: 97.7% (2003 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2010 est.): $9.61 billion; per capita $24,118. Real growth rate: n.a. Inflation: 3.9% (1990). Unemployment: 27.2% (1998). Arable land: 10%. Agriculture: pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane. Labor force: 165,900 (1998); agriculture 10%, industry 17%, services 73% (1997). Industries: construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism. Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land. Exports: $250 million (f.o.b., 1997): refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples (2001 est.). Imports: $2 billion (c.i.f., 1997): petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods. Major trading partners: France, Guadeloupe, Venezuela, Germany, Italy, U.S. (2004).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 172,000 est. (2001); mobile cellular: 319,900 (2002). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 14, shortwave 0 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 11 (plus nine repeaters) (1997). Internet hosts: n.a. Internet users: 5,000 (2000).

    Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 2,105 ; paved: n.a. km; unpaved: n.a. km (2000). Ports and harbors: Fort-de-France, La Trinite, Marin. Airports: 2 (2004 est.).

    International disputes: none.

    Major sources and definitions

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