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Ku Klux Klan

(Encyclopedia) Ku Klux KlanKu Klux Klank&oomacr;ˌ klŭks klăn, designation mainly given to two distinct secret societies that played a part in American history, although other less important…

Brewer's: Ku-Klux-Klan

(The). (1864-1876.) A secret society in the Southern States of America against the negro class, to intimidate, flog, mutilate, or murder those who opposed the laws of the society. In…

Maddox, Lester G.

(Encyclopedia) Maddox, Lester G. (Lester Garfield Maddox, Sr), 1915–2003, U.S. public official, governor of Georgia (1967–71), b. Atlanta. He achieved national notoriety in 1964 when he drove African…

Union League Clubs

(Encyclopedia) Union League Clubs, in U.S. history, organizations formed throughout the North in the Civil War after the military defeats and Republican election losses of 1862. A convention at…

Duke, David Ernest

(Encyclopedia) Duke, David Ernest, 1950-, American far-right politician and Klan leader, b. Tulsa, Ok., Louisiana State Univ. (B.A., 1974). Duke’s…

Schwerner, Chaney, and Goodman

(Encyclopedia) Schwerner, Chaney, and Goodman, American civil-rights workers in the South during the 1960s. Michael Schwerner (b. 1939) and Andrew Goodman (b. 1943), both white New Yorkers, went to…

force bill

(Encyclopedia) force bill, popular name for several laws in U.S. history, notably the act of Mar. 2, 1833, and the Reconstruction acts of May 31, 1870; Feb. 28, 1871; and Apr. 20, 1871. The first…

Brownlow, William Gannaway

(Encyclopedia) Brownlow, William GannawayBrownlow, William Gannawaybrounˈlō [key], 1805–77, U.S. politician, governor of Tennessee (1865–69), known as the “Fighting Parson,” b. Wythe co., Va.…

Black, Hugo LaFayette

(Encyclopedia) Black, Hugo LaFayette, 1886–1971, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1937–71), b. Harlan, Clay co., Ala. He received his law degree from the Univ. of Alabama in 1906. He…