India, three years after gaining its independence from the United Kingdom, formally became a republic.
The first European settlers landed in Sydney, Australia.
Congress passed an act calling for establishment of a library within the US Capitol.
Michigan became the 26th state in the United States.
Former Vice President Nelson Rockefeller died in New York at age 70.
Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera opened on Broadway. It would go on to become the longest-running Broadway show.
Vaclav Havel was elected president of the new Czech Republic.
A magnitude 7.7 earthquake rocked the Indian state of Gujarat, killing more than 20,000 people.
President Hamid Karzai signed the new constitution of Afghanistan.
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