Return to Daily IQ 1950India's independenceIndia, three years after gaining its independence from the United Kingdom, formally became a republic. 1788 The first European settlers landed in Sydney, Australia. 1802 Congress passed an act calling for establishment of a library within the US Capitol. 1837 Michigan became the 26th state in the United States. 1979 Former Vice President Nelson Rockefeller died in New York at age 70. 1988 Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera opened on Broadway. It would go on to become the longest-running Broadway show. 1993 Vaclav Havel was elected president of the new Czech Republic. 2001 A magnitude 7.7 earthquake rocked the Indian state of Gujarat, killing more than 20,000 people. 2004 President Hamid Karzai signed the new constitution of Afghanistan. Yesterday Return to Daily IQ Tomorrow or choose another day: JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Today's Birthday or select month and date: JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Year by Year: 1900?2014 or enter a year: Enter a year: ?