Johann Gutenberg, German printer and inventor, died.
The 16th Amendment, establishing federal income tax, was ratified.
The U.S. broke off diplomatic relations with Germany.
Rock singers, Buddy Holly, Richie Valens, and Big Bopper died in a plane crash.
The Palestine National Congress appointed Yasir Arafat head of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
Col. Eileen Collins became the first woman to pilot the space shuttle when the Discovery blasted off.
Texas executed Karla Faye Tucker, the first woman to be executed in the United States since 1984.
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