Cite Return to Daily IQ 1922Joyce's masterpiece published in EuropeJames Joyce's Ulysses was published. 1536 The city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, was founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro de Mendoza. 1709 Scottish sailor Alexander Selkirk, the inspiration for Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, was rescued after four years alone on an island off the coast of Chile. 1848 The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican War, was signed. In the treaty, Mexico ceded to the United States a huge portion of what is today the American West and Southwest, including California and New Mexico. 1870 The Cardiff Giant was revealed to be a hoax. 1876 The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs was formed. 1887 The first gathering at Gobbler's Knob in Punxsatawney, Pa. to wait for the groundhog's shadow occurred. 1943 Nazi troops surrendered in the World War II Battle of Stalingrad. 1971 Idi Amin became dictator of Uganda. 1980 The Abscam scandal was revealed. 1990 South African President F. W. de Klerk lifted a ban on the African National Congress and promised to free Nelson Mandela. 2003 Czech Republic President Vaclav Havel stepped down after 13 years. Yesterday Return to Daily IQ Tomorrow or choose another day: JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Today's Birthday or select month and date: JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec Year by Year: 1900?2014 or enter a year: Enter a year: TrendingHere are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about. July 2021 Current Events: US News Record Highest Temperatures by State The Languages of Africa What Is There to Do in North Korea? The Real World Destinations of Greek Mythology What is the World's Oldest Country?