Tunisia | Facts & Information

Updated September 9, 2022 | Infoplease Staff
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Facts & Figures

  • President: Beji Caid Essebsi (2014)

    Prime Minister: Youssef Chahed (2016)

    Land area: 59,985 sq mi (155,361 sq km); total area: 63,170 sq mi (163,610 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 10,937,521 (growth rate: 0.92%); birth rate: 16.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 23.19/1000; life expectancy: 75.68; density per sq mi: 163

    Capital and largest city (2013 est.): Tunis, 2,321,227 (metro. area), 651,183 (city proper)

    Monetary unit: Tunisian dinar

    Tunisian Republic

    National name: Al-Jumhuriyah at-Tunisiyah

    Current government officials

    Languages: Arabic (official, commerce), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight)

    Ethnicity/race: Arab-Berber 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%

    Religions: Islam (Sunni) 99.1%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha'i) 1%

    Literacy rate: 79.1% (2010 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $108.4 billion; per capita $9,900. Real growth rate: 2.8%. Inflation: 6.1%. Unemployment: 17.2%. Arable land: 17.35%. Agriculture: olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes, citrus fruit, sugar beets, dates, almonds; beef, dairy products. Labor force: 3.974 million (2013 est.); services 49.8%, industry 31.9%, agriculture 18.3% (2009 est.). Industries: petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages. Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt. Exports: $17.46 billion (2013 est.): clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment. Imports: $24.95 billion (2013 est.): textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: France, Italy, Germany, Spain, Libya, China, Algeria, U.S. (2012).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.105 million (2012); mobile cellular: 12.84 million (2012). Radio broadcast stations: broadcast media is mainly government-controlled; the state-run Tunisian Radio and Television Establishment (ERTT) operates 2 national TV networks, several national radio networks, and a number of regional radio stations; 1 TV and 3 radio stations are privately-owned and report domestic news stories directly from the official Tunisian news agency; the state retains control of broadcast facilities and transmitters through L'Office National de la Telediffusion; Tunisians also have access to Egyptian, pan-Arab, and European satellite TV channels (2007). Radios: 2.06 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 26 (plus 76 repeaters) (1995). Televisions: 920,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 576 (2012). Internet users: 3.5 million (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 2,165 km (2011). Highways: total: 19,418 km; paved: 14,756 km; unpaved: 4,662 km (2010). Ports and harbors: Bizerte, Gabes, Rades, Sfax, Sousse. Airports: 29 (2013).

    International disputes: none.

    Major sources and definitions