Liechtenstein | Facts & Information

Updated September 9, 2022 | Infoplease Staff
  • Liechtenstein Profile
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Facts & Figures

  • Ruler: Prince Hans Adam II (1989)

    Head of Government: Adrian Hasler (2013)

    Total area: 62 sq mi (161 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 37,313 (growth rate: 0.82%); birth rate: 10.53/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.33/1000; life expectancy: 81.68

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Vaduz, 5,000

    Monetary unit: Swiss franc

    National name: Fuerstentum Liechtenstein

    Current government officials

    Languages: German 94.5% (official) (Alemannic is the main dialect), Italian 1.1%, other 4.3% (2010 est.)

    Ethnicity/race: Liechtensteiner 65.6%, other 34.4% (2000 census)

    Religions: Roman Catholic (official) 75.9%, Protestant Reformed 6.5%, Muslim 5.4%, Lutheran 1.3%, other 2.9%, none 5.4%, unspecified 2.6% (2010 est.)

    National Holiday: Assumption Day, August 15

    Literacy rate: 100%

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $3.2 billion; per capita $89,400 (2009). Real growth rate: 1.8% (2012). Inflation: -0.7% (2012). Unemployment: 2.8% (2009). Arable land: 21.88%. Agriculture: wheat, barley, corn, potatoes; livestock, dairy products. Labor force: 35,830 note: 51% of the labor force in Liechtenstein commute daily from Austria, Switzerland, or Germany (2010) ; industry 39.4%, services 59.9%, agriculture 0.8% (2012). Industries: electronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments. Natural resources: hydroelectric potential, arable land. Exports: $3.801 billion (2010): small specialty machinery, connectors for audio and video, parts for motor vehicles, dental products, hardware, prepared foodstuffs, electronic equipment, optical products. Imports: $2.09 billion (2012): agricultural products, raw materials, machinery, metal goods, textiles, foodstuffs, motor vehicles. Major trading partners: EU (Germany, Austria, France, Italy, UK), U.S., Switzerland (2004).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 20,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 38,000 (2012). Broadcast media: relies on foreign terrestrial and satellite broadcasters for most broadcast media services; first Liechtenstein-based TV station established August 2008; Radio Liechtenstein operates multiple radio stations; a Swiss-based broadcaster operates several radio stations in Liechtenstein (2008). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 14,278 (2012). Internet users: 23,000 (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 9 km; note: owned, operated, and included in statistics of Austrian Federal Railways (2008). Roadways: total: 380 km (2012); paved: 380 km. Ports and harbors: none. Airports: none.

    International disputes: none.

    Major sources and definitions