Greenland | Facts & Information
- Greenland Profile
Facts & Figures
Status: Autonomous part of Denmark
Chief of State: Queen Margrethe II (1972)
High Commissioner: Mikaela Engell (2011)
Prime Minister (Acting): Kim Kielsen (2014)
Total area: 131,931 sq mi (341,701 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 57,728 (growth rate: 0.02%); birth rate: 14.53/1000; infant mortality rate: 9.42/1000; life expectancy: 71.82
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Nuuk, 16,000
Monetary unit: Krone
Languages: Greenlandic (East Inuit), Danish, English
Ethnicity/race: Inuit 89%, Danish and other 11% (2009)
Religion: Evangelical Lutheran, traditional Inuit spiritual beliefs
National Holiday: Longest Day, June 21
Literacy rate: 100%
Economic summary: GDP/PPP: (2011 est.): $2.133 billion; $38,400 per capita. Real growth rate: 3%. Inflation: 2.8% (2011 est.). Unemployment: 9.4% (2013 est.). Arable land: 0%. Agriculture: forage crops, garden and greenhouse vegetables; sheep, reindeer; fish . Labor force: 28,600 (2011 est.). Industries: fish processing (mainly shrimp and Greenland halibut); gold, niobium, tantalite, uranium, iron and diamond mining; handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards. Natural resources: zinc, lead, iron ore, coal, molybdenum, gold, platinum, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas. Exports: $384.3 million (2010 est.): fish and fish products 89% (prawns 63%), metals 10%. Imports: $814.2 million (2010): machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, petroleum products. Major trading partners: Denmark, Japan, China, Sweden, Netherlands (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 18,900 (2012); mobile cellular: 59,455 (2012). Broadcast media: the Greenland Broadcasting Company provides public radio and TV services throughout the island with a broadcast station and a series of repeaters; a few private local TV and radio stations; Danish public radio rebroadcasts are available (2007). Internet hosts: 15,645 Internet users: 36,000 (2009).
Transportation: Roadways: although there are short roads in towns, there are no roads between towns; inter-urban transport takes place either by sea or air (2012). Ports and harbors: Sisimiut Airports: 15 (2013).
International disputes: managed dispute between Canada and Denmark over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Canada's Ellesmere Island and Greenland; Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission.