Georgia (Country) | Facts & Information

Updated September 9, 2022 | Infoplease Staff
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Facts & Figures

  • President: Giorgi Margvelashvili (2013)

    Prime Minister: Irakli Garibashvili (2013)

    Total area: 26,911 sq mi (69,700 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 4,935,880 (growth rate: –.11%); birth rate: 12.93/1000; infant mortality rate: 16.68/1000; life expectancy: 75.72

    Capital and largest city (2014 est.): Tbilisi, 1.15 million

    Other large cities: Kutaisi, 268,800; Batoumi, 145,400; and Sokhumi, 110,300

    Monetary unit: Lari

    National name: Sak'art'velo

    Current government officials

    Languages: Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia)

    Ethnicity/race: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002)

    Religions: Orthodox Christian (official) 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)

    Literacy rate: 99.7% (2012 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2014 est.): $34.27 billion; per capita $7,700. Real growth rate: 5%. Inflation: 3.3%. Unemployment: 14.9% (2011 est.). Arable land: 5.76%. Agriculture: citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock. Labor force: 1.959 million (2011 est.); industry 8.9%, agriculture 55.6%, services 35.5% (2006 est.). Industries: steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine. Natural resources: forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth. Exports: $4.493 billion (2014 est.): scrap metal, machinery, chemicals; fuel reexports; citrus fruits, tea, wine. Imports: $8.328 billion (2014 est.): fuels, machinery and parts, transport equipment, grain and other foods, pharmaceuticals. Major trading partners: Turkey, Bulgaria, Russia, Armenia, UK, Azerbaijan, Germany, Japan, Ukraine, China, U.S. (2013).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.276 million (2012); mobile cellular: 4.699 million (2012). Broadcast media: 1 public broadcaster in Tbilisi, 1 state-owned broadcaster in Ajaria Autonomous Republic; 8 privately owned TV stations; state run public broadcaster operates 2 TV stations; dozens of cable TV operators, several major commercial TV stations, and several dozen private radio stations; state run public broadcaster operates 2 radio stations (2012). Internet hosts: 357,864 (2012). Internet users: 1.3 million (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 1,612 km (2008). Roadways: total: 19,109 km (2010). Ports and harbors: Bat'umi, P'ot'i. Airports: 22 (2013).

    International disputes: Russia's military support and subsequent recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia independence in 2008 continue to sour relations with Georgia.

    Major sources and definitions