Gabon | Facts & Information

Updated September 9, 2022 | Infoplease Staff
Infoplease has everything you need to know about Gabon. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Gabon's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.

Facts & Figures

  • President: Ali Bongo Ondimba (2009)

    Prime Minister: Daniel Ona Ondo (2014)

    Land area: 99,486 sq mi (257,669 sq km); total area: 103,346 sq mi (267,667 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 1,672,597 (growth rate: 1.94%); birth rate: 34.64/1000; infant mortality rate: 47.03/1000; life expectancy: 52.06

    Capital and largest city (2014 est.): Libreville, 695,000

    Monetary unit: CFA Franc

    National name: République Gabonaise

    Current government officials

    Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

    Ethnicity/race: Bantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba); other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality

    Religions: Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%

    National Holiday: Independence Day, August 17

    Literacy rate: 82.3% (2012 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2014 est.): $34.28 billion; per capita $21,600. Real growth rate: 5.1%. Inflation: 7% (2014). Unemployment: 21% (2006 est.). Arable land: 1.27%. Agriculture: cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber; cattle; okoume (a tropical softwood); fish. Labor force: 636,000 (2014); agriculture 60%, industry 15%, services 25%. Industries: petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower. Exports: $8.4016 billion (2014 est.): crude oil, timber, manganese, uranium. Imports: $4.76 billion (2014 est.): machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, construction materials. Major trading partners: U.S., China, France, Trinidad and Tobago, Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Australia, China, India, Japan, Côte d'Ivoire (2013).

    Member of French Community

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 17,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 2.93 million (2012). Broadcast media: state owns and operates 2 TV stations and 2 radio broadcast stations; a few private radio and TV stations; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are accessible; satellite service subscriptions are available (2007). Internet hosts: 127 (2012). Internet users: 98,800 (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 649 km (2009). Highways: total: 9,170 km; paved: 1,097 km; unpaved: 8,073 km (2007 est.). Waterways: 1,600 km (310 km on Ogooue River) (2010). Ports and harbors: Gamba, Libreville, Lucina, Owendo, Port-Gentil. Airports: 44 (2013).

    International disputes: UN presses Equatorial Guinea and Gabon to resolve the sovereignty dispute over Gabon-occupied Mbane Island and to establish a maritime boundary in hydrocarbon-rich Corisco Bay.

    Major sources and definitions