France | Facts & Information

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Facts & Figures

  • President: François Hollande (2012)

    Prime Minister: Manuel Valls (2014)

    Land area: 210,668 sq mi (545,630 sq km); total area: 211,209 sq mi (547,030 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 66,259,012 (growth rate: 0.45%); birth rate: 12.49/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.31/1000; life expectancy: 81.66

    Capital and largest city (2014 est.): Paris, 10.764 (metro. area)

    Other large cities: Lyon 1.597 million; Marseille-Aix-en-Provence 1.595 million; Lille 1.025 million; Nice-Cannes 961,000; Toulouse 926,000 (2014)

    Monetary unit: Euro (formerly French franc)

    National name: République Française

    Current government officials

    Languages: French (official) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)

    Ethnicity/race: Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Southeast Asian, and Basque minorities

    Religions: Christian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%, Muslim 7-9%, Jewish .5-.75%, Buddhist .5-.75%, other .5-1.0%, none 23-28%

    National Holiday: Fete de la Federation, July 14

    Literacy rate: 99% (2011 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2014 est.): $2.902 trillion; per capita $40,400. Real growth rate: 0.4%. Inflation: 0.7%. Unemployment: 9.7%. Arable land: 33.45%. Agriculture: wheat, cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, wine grapes; beef, dairy products; fish. Labor force: 29.87 million; services 76.4%, industry 20.6%, agriculture 2.9% (2012). Industries: machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism. Natural resources: coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorospar, gypsum, timber, fish. Exports: $578.3 billion (2014 est.): machinery and transportation equipment, aircraft, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, iron and steel, beverages. Imports: $634 billion (2014 est.): machinery and equipment, vehicles, crude oil, aircraft, plastics, chemicals. Major trading partners: Germany, Spain, UK, Italy, Belgium, U.S., Netherlands (2013).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 39.29 million (2012); mobile cellular: 62.28 million (2012). Broadcast media: a mix of both publicly operated and privately owned TV stations; state-owned France Televisions operates 4 networks, one of which is a network of regional stations, and has part-interest in several thematic cable/satellite channels and international channels; a large number of privately owned regional and local TV stations; multi-channel satellite and cable services provide a large number of channels; public broadcaster Radio France operates 7 national networks, a series of regional networks, and operates services for overseas territories and foreign audiences; Radio France Internationale (RFI), under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is a leading international broadcaster; a large number of commercial FM stations, with many of them consolidating into commercial networks (2008). Television broadcast stations: 584 (plus 9,676 repeaters). Internet hosts: 17.266 million (2012). Internet users: 45.26 million (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 29,640 km (2011). Roadways: total: 1,028,446 km; paved: paved: 951,220 km (including 10,490 km of expressways); unpaved: 0 km (2011). Waterways: 8,500 km (1,686 km accessible to craft of 3,000 metric tons) (2011). Ports and harbors: Bordeaux, Calais, Dunkerque, La Pallice, Le Havre, Marseille, Nantes, Paris, Rouen, Strasbourg. Airports: 464 (2013 est.).

    International disputes: Madagascar claims the French territories of Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, and Juan de Nova Island; Comoros claims Mayotte; Mauritius claims Tromelin Island; territorial dispute between Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana; France asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Adelie Land); France and Vanuatu claim Matthew and Hunter Islands, east of New Caledonia.

    Major sources and definitions

    Rulers of France

    French Overseas Departments

    French Overseas Territories

    French Territorial Collectivities

    French Possessions

See also: