El Salvador | Facts & Information
Facts & Figures
President: Salvador Sánchez Cerén (2014)
Land area: 8,000 sq mi (20,720 sq km); total area: 8,124 sq mi (21,040 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 6,125,512 (growth rate: 0.27%); birth rate: 16.79/1000; infant mortality rate: 18.44/1000; life expectancy: 74.18
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): San Salvador, 1.605 million
Other large cities: Santa Ana, 167,200; San Miguel, 145,100; Zacatecoluca, 36,700
Monetary units: Colón; U.S. dollar
National name: República de El Salvador
Languages: Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Ethnicity/race: mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 1% (2007 census)
National Holiday: Independence Day, September 15
Religions: Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8% (2003 est.)
Literacy rate: 84.5% (2010 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $47.47 billion; per capita $7,500. Real growth rate: 1.6%. Inflation: 0.9%. Unemployment: 6.3%. Arable land: 31.61%. Agriculture: coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum; beef, dairy products; shrimp. Labor force: 2.738 million; agriculture 21%, industry 10%, services 58% (2007 est.). Industries: food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals. Natural resources: hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land. Exports: $5.112 billion (2013 est.): offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals, electricity. Imports: $10.03 billion (2013 est.): raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs, petroleum, electricity. Major trading partners: U.S., Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Mexico, Germany, China (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.06 million (2012); mobile cellular: 8.65 million (2012). Broadcast media: multiple privately owned national terrestrial TV networks, supplemented by cable TV networks that carry international channels; hundreds of commercial radio broadcast stations and 1 government-owned radio broadcast station (2007). Internet hosts: 24,070 (2012). Internet users: 746,000 (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 283 km; note: railways not in operation since 2005 because of disuse and lack of maintenance due to high costs (2008). Roadways: total: 6,918 km; paved: 3,247 km (including 341 km of expressways); unpaved: 3,671 km (2010 est.). Waterways: Rio Lempa partially navigable (2011). Ports and harbors: Acajutla, Puerto Cutuco. Airports: 68 (2013).
International disputes: in 1992, the ICJ ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras boundary, but despite OAS intervention and a further ICJ ruling in 2003, full demarcation of the border remains stalled; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca advocating Honduran access to the Pacific; El Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not identified in the ICJ decision, off Honduras in the Gulf of Fonseca.
Here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about.