Cape Verde | Facts & Information

Updated September 9, 2022 | Infoplease Staff

Infoplease has everything you need to know about Cape Verde. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Cape Verde's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.

Facts & Figures

  • President: Jorge Carlos Fonseca (2011)

    Prime Minister: José Maria Neves (2001)

    Total area: 1,556 sq mi (4,030 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 538,535 (growth rate: 1.39%); birth rate: 20.72/1000; infant mortality rate: 24.28/1000; life expectancy: 71.57

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Praia, 132,000

    Other large city: Mindelo, 66,100

    Monetary unit: Cape Verdean escudo

    National name: República de Cabo Verde

    Current Government Officials

    Languages: Portuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)

    Ethnicity/race: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%

    National Holiday: Independence Day, July 5

    Religion: Roman Catholic 77.3%, Protestant 3.7% (includes Church of the Nazarene 1.7%, Adventist 1.5%, Universal Kingdom of God .4%, and God and Love .1%), other Christian 4.3% (includes Christian Rationalism 1.9%, Jehovah's Witness 1%, Assembly of God .9%, and New Apostolic .5%), Muslim 1.8%, other 1.3%, none 10.8%, unspecified 0.7% (2010 est.)

    Literacy rate: 84.9% (2011 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $2.222 billion; per capita $4,400. Real growth rate: 1.5%. Inflation: 1.9%. Unemployment: 21% (2000 est.). Arable land: 11.66%. Agriculture: bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts; fish. Labor force: 196,100 Industries: food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair. Natural resources: salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum. Exports: $159.9 million f.o.b. (2011 est.): fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hides. Imports: $796.3 million (2013 est.): foodstuffs, industrial products, transport equipment, fuels. Major trading partners: Portugal, U.S., Netherlands, China, Spain, (2012).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 70,200 (2012); mobile cellular: 425,300 (2012). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 15 (and 17 repeaters), shortwave 0 (2002). Broadcast media: state-run TV and radio broadcast network plus a growing number of private broadcasters; Portuguese public TV and radio services for Africa are available; transmissions of a few international broadcasters are available (2007). Internet hosts: 38 (2012). Internet users: 150,000 (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 0 km. Highways: total: 1,350 km; paved: 932 km; unpaved: 418 km (2013). Waterways: none. Ports and harbors: Porto Grande. Airports: 9 (2013 est.).

    International disputes: none.

    Major sources and definitions