Burkina Faso | Facts & Information
- Burkina Faso Profile
Infoplease has everything you need to know about Burkina Faso. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Burkina Faso's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.
Facts & Figures
President: Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (2015)
Prime Minister: Paul Kaba Thieba (2016)
Land area: 105,714 sq mi (273,799 sq km); total area: 105,869 sq mi (274,200 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 18,365,123 (growth rate: 3.05%); birth rate: 42.42/1000; infant mortality rate: 76.8/1000; life expectancy: 54.78
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Ouagadougou, 2.053 million
Monetary unit: CFA Franc
Ethnicity/race: Mossi (over 40%), Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani
National Holiday: Republic Day, December 11
Religions: Muslim 60.5%, Catholic 19%, animist 15.3%, Protestant 4.2%, other 0.6%, none 0.4% (2006 est.)
Literacy rate: 28.7% (2007 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $26.51 billion; per capita $1,500. Real growth rate: 6.5%. Inflation: 2.1%. Unemployment: 77% Arable land: 20.79%. Agriculture: cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock. Labor force: 6.668 million; note: a large part of the male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries for seasonal employment (2003); agriculture 90%, industry and services 10% (2000 est.). Industries: cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold. Natural resources: manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt. Exports: $2.844 billion (2013 est.): cotton, livestock, gold. Imports: $2.941 billion (2013 est.): capital goods, food products, petroleum. Major trading partners: China, Ghana, France, Côte d'Ivoire, Togo, Turkey, Belgium (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 141,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 9.98 million (2012). Broadcast media: 2 TV stations - 1 state-owned and 1 privately owned; state-owned radio runs a national and regional network; substantial number of privately owned radio stations; transmissions of several international broadcasters available in Ouagadougou (2007). Internet hosts: 1,795 (2012). Internet users: 178,100 (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 622 km (2008). Roadways: total: 15,272 km (2010). Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 23 (2013 est.).
International disputes: adding to illicit cross-border activities, Burkina Faso has issues concerning unresolved boundary alignments with its neighbors; demarcation is currently underway with Mali, the dispute with Niger was referred to the ICJ in 2010, and a dispute over several villages with Benin persists; Benin retains a border dispute with Burkina Faso around the town of Koualou.