Brazil | Facts & Information

Updated September 9, 2022 | Infoplease Staff

Infoplease has everything you need to know about Brazil. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Brazil's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.

Facts & Figures

  • President: Jair Bolsonaro (2019)

    Vice President: Antonio Hamilton Martins Mourao (2019)

    Land area: 3,227,095 sq mi (8,358,140 sq km); total area: 3,287,957 sq mi (8,515,770 sq km)

    Population (2022 est.): 217,240,060 (growth rate: .7%); birth rate: 13.96/1000; infant mortality rate: 13.31/1000; life expectancy: 75.92

    Capital (2022 est.): Brasília, 4.804 million

    Largest cities: São Paulo, 22.430 million; Rio de Janeiro, 13.634 million; Belo Horizonte, 6.194 million; Recife, 4.220 million; Porto Alegre, 4.185 million (2022)

    Monetary unit: Real

    National name: República Federativa do Brasil

    Current Government Officials

    Ethnicity/race: White 47.7%, mixed 43.1%, Black 7.6%, Asian 1.1%, Indigenous 0.4% (2010 est.)

    National Holiday: Independence Day, September 7

    Religion: Roman Catholic 64.6%, other Catholic 0.4%, Protestant 22.2% (includes Adventist 6.5%, Assembly of God 2.0%, Christian Congregation of Brazil 1.2%, Universal Kingdom of God 1.0%, other Protestant 11.5%), other Christian 0.7%, Spiritist 2.2%, other 1.4%, none 8%, unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)

    Literacy rate: 93.2% (2018 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2020 est.): $2,989,430,000,000; per capita $14,100. Real growth rate: 1.13%. Inflation: 3.7%. Unemployment: 11.93%. Arable land: 8.6%. Agriculture: coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef. Labor force: 86.621 million; agriculture 9.4%, industry 32.1%, services 58.5% (2018 est.). Industries: textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment. Natural resources: bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber. Exports: $239.18 billion (2020 est.): transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos. Major trading partners (exports): China 28%, United States 13% (2019). Imports: $227.44 billion (2020 est.): machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil. Major trading partners (imports): China 21%, United States 18%, Germany 6%, Argentina 6% (2019).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 30,653,813 (2020); mobile cellular: 205,834,781 (2020). Broadcast Media: state-run Radiobras operates a radio and a TV network; more than 1,000 radio stations and more than 100 TV channels operating - mostly privately owned; private media ownership highly concentrated (2022). Internet hosts: 23,790,000 (2011). Internet users: 172,173,121 (2020).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 29,849.9 km (2014). Highways: total: 2 million km; paved: 246,000 km; unpaved: 1.754 million km (2018). Waterways: 50,000 km (2012) (most in areas remote from industry and population). Ports and harbors: Gebig, Itaqui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande, San Sebasttiao, Santos, Sepetiba Terminal, Tubarao, Vitoria. Airports: 4,093 (2021 est.).

    International disputes: unruly region at convergence of Argentina-Brazil-Paraguay borders is locus of money laundering, smuggling, arms and illegal narcotics trafficking, and fundraising for extremist organizations; uncontested dispute with Uruguay over certain islands in the Quarai/Cuareim and Invernada boundary streams and the resulting tripoint with Argentina; in 2004 Brazil submitted its claims to UNCLOS to extend its maritime continental margin.

    Major sources and definitions