Aruba | Facts & Information

  • Aruba Profile
Infoplease has everything you need to know about Aruba. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Aruba's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.

Facts & Figures

  • Status: Part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands

    Governor: Fredis Refunjol (2004)

    Prime Minister: Mike Eman (2009)

    Current government officials

    Total area: 75 sq mi (193 sq km)

    Population (July 2014 est.): 110,663 (growth rate: 1.36%); birth rate: 12.65/1000; infant mortality rate: 11.74/1000; life expectancy: 76.35

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Oranjestad, 37,000

    Monetary unit: Aruban guilder/florin

    Languages: Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 69.4%, Spanish 13.7%, English (widely spoken) 7.1%, Dutch (official) 6.1%, Chinese 1.5%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)

    Ethnicity/race: Dutch 82.1%, Colombian 6.6%, Venezuelan 2.2%, Dominican 2.2%, Haitian 1.2%, other 5.5%, unspecified 0.1% (2010 est.)

    Religions: Roman Catholic 75.3%, Protestant 4.9% (includes Methodist .9%, Adventist .9%, Anglican .4%, other Protestant 2.7%), Jehovah's Witness 1.7%, other 12%, none 5.5%, unspecified 0.5% (2010 est.)

    National Holiday: Flag Day, March 18

    Literacy rate: 96.8% (2010 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $2.516 billion; per capita $25,300. Real growth rate: 2.4%. Inflation: -0.2% (2013 est.). Unemployment: 6.9% (2005). Arable land: 11.11% aloe plantations included (0.01%). Agriculture: aloes; livestock; fish. Labor force: 51,610 (2007 est.); most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants; oil refining. Industries: tourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining. Natural resources: negl.; white sandy beaches. Exports: $2.222 billion (including oil reexports) (2013 est.): live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment. Imports: $3.162 billion (2013 est.): machinery and electrical equipment, crude oil for refining and reexport, chemicals; foodstuffs. Major trading partners: Venezuela, Netherlands Antilles, Colombia, U.S., U.K. (2012).

    Major sources and definitions

See also: