Algeria | Facts & Information

Infoplease has everything you need to know about Algeria. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Algeria's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.

Facts & Figures

  • President: Abdel-Aziz Bouteflika (1999)

    Prime Minister: Abdelmalek Sellal (2012)

    Total area: 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 38,813,722 (growth rate: 1.88%); birth rate: 23.99/1000; infant mortality rate: 21.76/1000; life expectancy: 76.39; density per sq mi: 42.2

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Algiers, 2,916,000

    Other large cities: Oran, 783,000; Constantine, 530,100; Batna, 278,100; Annaba, 246,700

    Monetary unit: Dinar

    National name: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah

    Current government officials

    Ethnicity/race: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%

    Religion: Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish) <1%

    National Holiday: Revolution Day, November 1

    Literacy rate: 79%

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $284.7 billion; per capita $7,500. Real growth rate: 3.1%. Inflation: 3.9%. Unemployment: 10.3%. Arable land: 3.15%. Agriculture: wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle. Labor force: 11.15 million; agriculture 14%, industry 13.4%, construction and public works 10%, trade 14.6%, government 32%, other 16% (2003 est.). Industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc. Exports: $68.2 billion f.o.b. (2013 est.): petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97%. Imports: $55.02 billion f.o.b. (2013 est.): capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods. Major trading partners: France, Italy, China, Germany, Spain, U.S., Netherlands, Canada, UK, Brazil (2012)

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 3.2 million (2012); mobile cellular: 37.692 million (2012). Internet hosts: 676 (2012). Internet users: 4.7 million (2012).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 3,973 km (2011). Highways: total: 113,655 km; (2011). Ports and harbors: Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Djendjene, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda. Airports: 157 (2013).

    International disputes: Algeria and many other states reject Moroccan administration of Western Sahara; the Polisario Front, exiled in Algeria, represents the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic; Algeria's border with Morocco remains an irritant to bilateral relations, each nation accusing the other of harboring militants and arms smuggling; dormant disputes include Libyan claims of about 32,000 sq km still reflected on its maps of southeastern Algeria and the National Liberation Front's (FLN) assertions of a claim to Chirac Pastures in southeastern Morocco

    Major sources and definitions

See also: