Top News Stories from 1952
Population: 4.378 billionpopulation by decade
Nobel Peace Prize: Albert Schweitzer (French Equatorial Africa)More World Statistics...
- George VI of England dies; his daughter becomes Elizabeth II (Feb. 6).
- NATO conference approves European army (Feb.).
- King Farouk of Egypt is ousted by a military coup (July 23). General Mohammed Naguib assumes power.
- Britain announces its development of atomic weapons (Oct.). Background: nuclear weapons
- Greece and Turkey join NATO.
President: Harry S Truman
Vice President: Alben W. Barkley
Life expectancy: 68.6 years
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 5.2More U.S. Statistics...
- US explodes first thermonuclear bomb at Enewetak Island (Nov. 1).
- President-elect Dwight Eisenhower follows through with his campaign promise to visit Korea (Dec. 2).
- 56 million watch Richard Nixon's "Checker's speech" on TV.
US GDP (1998 dollars): $358.6 billion
Federal spending: $67.69 billion
Federal debt $259.1 billion
Consumer Price Index: $26.5
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World SeriesNY Yankees d. Brooklyn Dodgers
NBA ChampionshipMinneapolis Lakers d. New York
Stanley CupDetroit d. Montreal
WimbledonWomen: Maureen Connolly d. L. Brough (7-5 6-3)
Men: Frank Sedgman d. J. Drobny (4-6 6-2 6-3 6-2)
Kentucky Derby ChampionHill Gail
NCAA Basketball ChampionshipKansas d. St. John's
NCAA Football ChampionsMichigan St. (AP, UP) (9-0-0) & Georgia Tech (INS) (12-0-0) 1952 Summer Olympics
Entertainment AwardsPulitzer Prizes
Fiction: The Caine Mutiny, Herman Wouk
Music: Symphony Concertante, Gail Kubik
Drama: The Shrike, Joseph Kramm
Academy Award, Best Picture: An American in Paris, Arthur Freed, producer (MGM)
Nobel Prize for Literature: François Mauriac (France)
Miss America: Coleen Kay Hutchins (UT)More Entertainment Awards...
- Jose Quintero's revival of Tennessee Williams's Summer and Smoke premieres at Broadway's Circle in the Square Theatre and is the first major Off-Broadway success.
- Television's first magazine-format program, the Today Show, debuts on NBC with Dave Garroway hosting.
- The Jackie Gleason Show (The Honeymooners) debuts on CBS, beginning a two-decade run.
- Merce Cunningham forms his own dance company.
- Singin' in the Rain, High Noon, The Greatest Show on Earth, Moulin Rouge
- Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man
- Ernest Hemingway, The Old Man and the Sea
- Bernard Malamud, The Natural
- Flannery O'Connor, Wise Blood
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Archer John Porter Martin and Richard Laurence Millington Synge (both UK), for development of partition chromatography
Physics: Edward Mills Purcell and Felix Bloch (US), for work in measurement of magnetic fields in atomic nuclei
Physiology or Medicine: Selman A. Waksman (US), for co-discovery of streptomycinMore Nobel Prizes in 1998...
- G.W.A. Dummer (England) proposes the theoretical basis for the integrated circuit. Background: Computers and Internet
- Jonas E. Salk (US) develops the first experimentally safe dead-virus polio vaccine. Background: Major U.S. Epidemics
- The first plastic artificial heart valve is developed at Georgetown Medical Center. Background: Health & Nutrition
- First jetliner service inaugurated by BOAC between London and Johannesburg, South Africa (May 2).
- Capt. Vincent H. McGovern and 1st Lt. Harold W. Moore make first transatlantic helicopter flight (July 1531). Background: Famous Firsts in Aviation