- Jerusalem is the third holiest city in Islam. The Dome of the Rock (Qubbat al-Sakhrah) constructed in 691-92 on the site of the Jewish Second Temple, is the spot where Muslims believe Muhammad ascended to heaven. Damascus and Cairo have long been important centers of Islamic culture and learning.
The following are all prophets in Islam except:
- Buddha is not a prophet in Islam, but both Jesus and Abraham are.
Islam originated in what is now the country of:
- Islam originated in what is today Saudi Arabia.
The sacred book of Islam is called the:
- The sacred book of Islam is the Qur'an, or Koran. The Talmud is the compilation of ancient Jewish law and tradition, while the Vedas are the most ancient sacred text of Hinduism.
A principal duty of Muslims is to make a pilgrimage to:
- Known as "the hajj," a pilgrimage to the Saudi Arabian city of Mecca, which is Islam's holiest city, is a central duty for all Muslims, if at all possible.
The Islamic calendar is based on the:
- The Islamic calendar is comprised of 12 months based on the cycles of the Moon.
Islam is the majority religion in each of these countries except:
- Nepal, where Muslims comprise roughly 3% of the population. Muslims are about 70% of the population in Albania, and around 87% in Indonesia.
The ruler of the early Islamic state was known as the:
- Following the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632, the caliph became the ruler of the Islamic state.
There are roughly how many Muslims in the U.S. today:
- There are approximately six million Muslims in the U.S. today.
Which country has the largest Muslim population in the world?
- After Indonesia, countries with the largest Muslim populations are Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Turkey. There are more than one billion Muslims in the world today.