Khandogya-Upanishad: Second Prapathaka, Twenty-first Khanda

Updated May 14, 2020 | Infoplease Staff
1. The hinkara is the threefold knowledge, the prastava these three worlds, the udgitha Agni (fire), Vayu (air), and Aditya (sun), the pratihara the stars, the birds, and the rays, the nidhana the serpents, Gandharvas, and fathers. That is the Saman, as interwoven in everything.

2. He who thus knows this Saman, as interwoven in everything, he becomes everything.

3. And thus it is said in the following verse: “There are the fivefold three (the three kinds of sacrificial knowledge, the three worlds &c. in their fivefold form, i.e. as identified with the hinkara, the prastiva, &c.), and the other forms of the Saman. Greater than these there is nothing else besides.

4. He who knows this, knows everything. All regions offer him gifts. His rule is, “Let him meditate (on the Saman), knowing that he is everything, yea, that he is everything.

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