The son of a U.S. senator, William Randolph Hearst was a rich kid in his early 20s when he inherited control of the San Francisco Examiner
newspaper from his father, mining tycoon George Hearst
, in 1887. Hearst went on to build a publishing empire that included newspapers, magazines, news services, radio stations and film studios. He was an unabashed practitioner of "yellow journalism," and his enthusiasm for sensationalism and his autocratic rule were legendary; he is often accused of nudging the U.S. into the Spanish-American war of 1898, just to sell more newspapers. Beginning in the 1920s, Hearst had a mansion built in central California, called San Simeon but also known as Hearst Castle. He was famously involved in an affair with actress Marion Davies, as well as a public feud with Orson Welles
over the film Citizen Kane
(1941), which was a thinly-veiled criticism of Hearst.