Name at birth: Richard Wayne Penniman
Along with Elvis Presley, Little Richard helped define the wild side of early rock and roll with sexualized songs and outrageous behavior on stage. Little Richard Penniman grew up singing gospel and blues and began recording in the early 1950s. "Tutti Frutti" (1955), with its opening line, "A-wop-bom-aloo-mop-a-lop-bam-boom," became his first big hit and remains his signature tune. The song is Little Richard in a nutshell: runaway piano, exuberant screams, bawdy innuendo and a stylized preciousness. He followed with a string of hits, including "Slippin' and Slidin'," "Long Tall Sally," and "Good Golly Miss Molly." He also established the flamboyant Little Richard look, with slick curls and an extra-thin mustache. He abruptly quit the music business in 1957 and attended Bible college, but returned to rock after releasing The King of Gospel Singers (1962, produced by Quincy Jones). During the 1970s his career waned, but he made a comeback in the 1980s, with the song "Great Gosh A Mighty" and appearances in TV commercials and children's shows (including Jim Henson's The Muppets). His new career included children's music ("Itsy Bitsy Spider") and duets with Bono and U2, Elton John and others.
Pat Boone‘s version of “Tutti-Frutti” was released shortly after Little Richard’s and charted slightly higher.