Eadweard Muybridge

Date Of Birth:
9 April 1830
Date Of Death:
8 May 1904
Place Of Birth:
Kingston upon Thames, England
Best Known As:
The guy whose frame-by-frame horse photos started the movies

Name at birth: Edward Muggeridge

Photographer Eadweard Muybridge's series of frame-by-frame photos titled The Horse in Motion (1882) is considered to be a major influence on the development of motion pictures, if not the first motion picture ever. In the 1870s, he was a successful commercial photographer who caught the attention of railroad tycoon Leland Stanford, who enlisted him to show whether a horse's feet ever left the ground in a gallop. Muybridge devised a way that showed a horse did, indeed, leave the ground with all four legs at the height of a sprint. The photos made Muybridge world famous, and he joined with the University of Pennsylvania to further study things in motion, resulting in a multi-volume set in 1887, titled Animal Locomotion: An Electro-Photographic Investigation of Consecutive Phases of Animal Movement. In the meantime, he'd adapted his images into a "zoopraxiscope" projector that animated them, if only for a few seconds. That, they say, was the birth of the movies. He returned to England in 1900, after a celebrated career that influenced the arts and the sciences.
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