Women's History Month

Updated February 28, 2017 | Infoplease Staff
Women Rulers of the World

Women's History Month

Throughout history and around the world, many women have ruled their countries. There are also many women leaders today. In many cases, the queens alive and in power today do not actually rule their countries; they are symbolic rulers only and are not listed here. Instead, here is a list of actual female rulers, the countries in which they rule or ruled, and the dates they reigned.

ArgentinaPresident Isabelita Pern1974-1976
Lesser ArmeniaQueen Zabel1219-1226
BangladeshKhaleda Zia1991-1996
BermudaPremier Pamela Gordon1997-1998
BermudaPremier Jennifer Smith1998-present
BoliviaPrime Minister Lidia Gueiler1979-1980
BurundiPrime Minister Sylvie Kinigi1993-1994
Byzantium (Roman Empire)Empress Theodora1055-1056
CambodiaQueen Kossamak (joint ruler)1955-1960
CanadaPrime Minister Kim Campbell1993 (4 months)
Central African RepublicPrime Minister Elizabeth Domitien1974-1976
ChinaEmpress Wu Chao655-705
ChinaEmpress Tsu-Hsi1875-1879
ChinaEmpress Tsu-Hsi1898-1908
DominicaPrime Minister Mary Eugenia Charles1980-1995
DenmarkQueen Margaret1387-1412
DenmarkQueen Margrethe II1972-present
EgyptQueen Hatshepsut1501-1498 b.c.
EgyptQueen Eje1351-1350 b.c.
EgyptQueen Arsinoe II (joint ruler)279-270 b.c.
EgyptQueen Berenice81-80 b.c.
EgyptQueen Cleopatra VII51-50 b.c.
EthiopiaEmpress Waizero1916-1930
FrancePrime Minister Edith Cresson1991-1992
Great BritainQueen Jane (Lady Jane Grey)1553 (9 days)
Great BritainQueen Mary I1553-1558
Great BritainQueen Elizabeth I1558-1603
Great BritainQueen Mary II (joint ruler)1689-1702
Great BritainQueen Anne1702-1714
Great BritainQueen Victoria1837-1901
Great BritainQueen Elizabeth II1952-present
Great BritainPrime Minister Margaret Thatcher1979-1990
GuyanaPresident Janet Jagan1997-present
HaitiProvisional President Erita Pascal-Trouillot1990
HaitiPrime Minister Claudette Werleigh1995-1996
HungaryQueen Mary1382-1387
HungaryQueen Elizabeth1439-1440
HungaryQueen Maria Theresa1740-1780
IcelandPresident Vigdis Finnbogadttir1980-1996
IndiaPrime Minister Indira Gandhi1966-1977
IndiaPrime Minister Indira Gandhi1980-1984
IrelandPresident Mary Robinson1990-1997
IrelandPresident Mary McAleese1997-present
Israel and JudahQueen Athaliah842-837 b.c.
Israel and JudahPrime Minister Golda Meir1969-1974
ItalyQueen Theodelinda590
ItalyQueen Joanna I of Naples1343-1381
ItalyQueen Maria of Sicily1377-1402
ItalyQueen Joanna II of Naples1414-1435
JapanEmpress Suiko Tenno593-628
JapanEmpress Kogyoku642-645
JapanEmpress Jito686-697
JapanEmpress Gemmyo703-724
JapanEmpress Koken (abdicated)749-758
JapanEmpress Shotuku-Koken764-770
LithuaniaPrime Minister Kazimicra Prunskiene1990-1992
MadagascarQueen Ranavalona I1828-1861
MadagascarQueen Rasoaherina1863-1868
MadagascarQueen Ranavalona II1868-1883
MadagascarQueen Ranavalona III (deposed)1883-1896
NetherlandsQueen Wilhelmina (abdicated)1890-1948
NetherlandsQueen Juliana1948-1980
NetherlandsQueen Beatrix1980-present
New ZealandPrime Minister Jenny Shipley1997-present
NicaraguaPresident Maria Liberia Peres1984-1985
NicaraguaPresident Violeta Barriosde Chamorro1990-1997
NorwayQueen Margaret1387-1412
NorwayPrime Minister Groharlem Brundtlandt1981 and 1986
PakistanPrime Minister Benazir Bhutto1988-1990, 1993-1996
PhilippinesMaria Corazon Aquino1986-1992
PolandQueen Hedwige1384-1399
PolandPrime Minister Hanna Suchocka1992-1993
PortugalQueen Maria I1777-1816
PortugalQueen Maria II1826-1828
PortugalQueen Maria III1834-1853
PortugalPrime Minister Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo1979 (149 days)
Roman EmpireEmpress Irene797-802
RussiaQueen Tamara1184-1212
RussiaEmpress Catherine I1725-1727
RussiaEmpress Anna Ivanovna1730-1740
RussiaEmpress Elizabeth Petrovna1741-1762
RussiaEmpress Catherine II (The Great)1762-1796
RwandaPrime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana1993-1994
St. LuciaGovernor-General Pearlette Louisy1997-present
ScotlandQueen Mary Stuart (executed)1542-1567
Seminole NationBetty Mae Jumper1960-1969
SpainQueen Dona Urraca1109-1126
SpainQueen Juana I1274-1307
SpainQueen Juana II1328-1349
SpainQueen Dona Blanca1425-1441
SpainQueen Isabel I (joint ruler)1474-1504
SpainQueen Catalina de Albret1481-1512
SpainQueen Isabel II1833-1868
Sri LankaQueen Anula47-42 b.c.
Sri LankaQueen Sivali35 b.c.
Sri LankaQueen Lilavati1197-1200
Sri LankaQueen Kalyanavati1202-1208
Sri LankaQueen Lilavati (restored)1209-1212
Sri LankaPrime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike1960-1965
Sri LankaPrime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike1970-1977
Sri LankaPresident Chandrika Kumaratunga1994-present
SwedenQueen Christina (abdicated)1632-1654
SwedenQueen Ulrica Eleonora (abdicated)1718-1720
TongaQueen Salote Tubou III1918-1965
TurkeyPrime Minister Tansu iller1993-1996