Paris, University of
The student riots of 1968, which paralyzed Paris for weeks, centered around the university and led to radical changes. In 1970 the university was divided into 13 universities located in Paris and its suburbs, and further reforms followed under the Higher Education Act of 1983; some of the successor universities have since consolidated. The new universities are state institutions enjoying academic and financial autonomy, operated under the jurisdiction of the minister of education and financed by the state. Each institution has a different focus and scale, appropriate to its status as an autonomous
unit of teaching and research. Paris Dauphine Univ., for example, which focuses on business, finance, and computer sciences, has some 10,000 students, while Panthéon-Sorbonne Univ., with a more general curriculum, enrolls some 40,000.
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