Galileo (Galileo Galilei)găl˝ĭlē´ō; gälēlĕ´ō gälēlĕ´ē [key], 1564–1642, great Italian astronomer, mathematician, and physicist. By his persistent investigation of natural laws he laid foundations for modern experimental science, and by the construction of astronomical telescopes he greatly enlarged humanity's vision and conception of the universe. He gave a mathematical formulation to many physical laws.
Sections in this article:
- Conflict with the Church
- Contributions to Astronomy
- Contributions to Physics
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Astronomy: Biographies