inflammable airand that Lavoisier later named hydrogen; and on the composition of water, which he demonstrated to consist of oxygen and his
inflammable air.In his Electrical Researches (1879) he anticipated some of the discoveries of Coulomb and Faraday. His experiments to determine the density of the earth led him to state it as 5.48 times that of water. His Scientific Papers were collected in two volumes (Electrical Researches and Chemical and Dynamical) in 1921.
See biography by A. J. Berry (1960); J. G. Crowther, Scientists of the Industrial Revolution (1963).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Physics: Biographies