Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)
Christians.Similar separatist groups seceded, under the leadership of James O'Kelley, from the Methodist Church in North Carolina and, under Abner Jones and Elias Smith, from some of the Baptist churches in New England. Both Stone and Alexander Campbell had adopted immersion, and this brought them for a time into sympathetic relations with the Baptists. In 1832 practically all of Stone's group and many from the other two branches united with the
Disciplesled by Campbell. The remainder of the
Christians,who were subsequently organized as the Christian Church, merged (1931) with the Congregational Church (see Congregationalism). The merged
Christiansdeveloped strongly and rapidly after the Civil War, particularly in the central and western states, and missionary labors have extended the church throughout the world. A separation into two churches took place in 1906 because of a dispute over the use of instrumental music at the church service; the progressive group, which allowed it, became known as the Disciples of Christ, while the conservatives, who dissented, were organized as Churches of Christ. In 1968 the Disciples of Christ reorganized as the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Membership in the church is c.850,000 worldwide (1999).
See W. E. Garrison and A. T. DeGroot, The Disciples of Christ, a History (rev. ed. 1958, repr. 1964); L. Cochran, Captives of the Word (1969).
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