Cheltenham chĕlt´nəm [key], city (1991 pop. 87,188) and district, Gloucestershire, W central England. It has been a health and holiday resort since the discovery of mineral springs there in 1716. The city's products include bricks, beer, rubber goods, and anesthetics. Regency houses, Georgian squares, parks, and gardens are plentiful. Cheltenham has three famous schools for boys and one for girls as well as two teacher-training colleges. The city is also the site of an annual Festival of British Contemporary Music, a Festival of Literature, and several other cultural events.

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