Founded in the 12th cent., Malmö was an important trade and shipping center during the Hanseatic period. It was usually a Danish possession until it passed to Sweden in 1658 with Skåne prov. Malmöhus castle (begun 1434) is a museum. Other noteworthy buildings include the city hall (1546), St. Peter's Church (14th cent.), and the twisted high-rise apartment building (2005) designed by Santiago Calatrava . Malmö is connected by a bridge and tunnel link (opened 2000) to Copenhagen.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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