Longview. 1 City (1990 pop. 70,311), seat of Gregg co., E Tex.; inc. 1872. It is a manufacturing, business, and distribution center for the rich East Texas oil field. The city has oil and natural-gas wells and processing facilities, and plants making railroad cars, oil-field equipment, trailers, and machinery. It is also a livestock center with annual horse and cattle shows. Pine lumbering was formerly important to the area. The city boomed with the discovery of the oil field in 1930. It is the seat of LeTourneau Univ.

2 City (1990 pop. 31,499), Cowlitz co., SW Wash., a port of entry at the junction of the Columbia and the Cowlitz rivers; inc. 1924. It is a transportation center, with a bridge across the Columbia to Oregon. Its manufactures include plastic, paper, and wood products; aluminum; and steel. The city was founded in 1922 as a lumber town on the site of the historic settlement Monticello, which had been swept away by a flood in 1867. Lower Columbia College is there.

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