Hammond. 1 City (2020 pop. 77,879), Lake co., extreme NW Ind., bounded by Lake Michigan, the Ill. state line, and the Little Calumet River, and traversed by the Grand Calumet River; settled 1851, inc. 1884. Originally important as a slaughterhouse site, Hammond was a meatpacking town until its great packing house was destroyed by fire in 1901. Manufactures include foods, fabricated metal and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, and transportation equipment. It has secondary steel processing and fire brick refractories. A campus of Purdue Univ. is there. 2 City (2020 pop. 19,584), Tangipahoa parish, SE La.; inc. 1888. Truck farms, beef and dairy cattle, and timber are important. Manufactures include building materials, consumer goods, paper and metal products, and machinery. There is also meat processing. The city is the seat of Southeastern Louisiana Univ. and the home of the Black Heritage Festival. Zemurry Gardens and the Global Wildlife Park also are there.

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