Braintree, town (1990 pop. 33,836), E Mass., a suburb of Boston; inc. 1640. Metal, rubber, and paper are among its manufactures. Braintree included Quincy (birthplace of John Adams and John Quincy Adams ) until 1792 and Randolph until 1793. John Hancock and Gen. Sylvanus Thayer , superintendent of West Point from 1817 to 1833, were born in Braintree. The Thayer Academy there was founded by the general.

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