Holguín ōlgēn´ [key], city (1994 est. pop. 246,000), capital of Holguín prov., E Cuba. It is a prosperous commercial center and transportation hub in a fertile region of diversified agriculture. Often called
Cuba's granary,Holguín is located in a region where corn, beans, sugarcane, tobacco, and cattle are raised. Most exports are handled by its port, Gibara. The city, founded in 1523, was named for Garcia Holguín, a 16th-century conquistador in Mexico. It was moved to its present site in the 18th cent.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Cuban Political Geography