Kyrgyzstan was the first of the former Soviet Central Asian republics to acquire democratic institutions. It is governed under the constitution of 2010 as amended. The president, who is head of state, is elected by popular vote for a single six-year term. The government is headed by the prime minister. The unicameral legislature is of the 120-member Jogorku Kenesh, the Supreme Council or Parliament; members are popularly elected by a system of proportional representation for five-year terms. No one party may hold more than 65 seats. Administratively, the country is divided into seven provinces and the capital area.

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