Songhua so͞ong´hwä´ [key] or Sungariso͝on´gä´rē´ [key], river of NE China, c.1,150 mi (1,850 km) long, rising in the Changbai Mts., Jilin prov., and flowing generally north, through Heilongjiang prov., to the Amur River on the China-Russia border. It is the northernmost river system in China and forms a main gateway to the S Manchurian plain. The Songhua, which passes the cities of Jilin and Harbin, is navigable for most of its length, and it is an important trade artery in a rich agricultural region. Fengman Dam (completed 1946) was built by the Japanese above Jilin and forms a huge reservoir.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: East Asian Physical Geography