São Tomé and Principe souN to͝omĕ´, prēn´sēpə [key], officially Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Principe, republic (2015 est. pop. 196,000), 372 sq mi (964 sq km), W Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea, consisting of the island of São Tomé (c.330 sq mi/860 sq km) and the neighboring islets of Rôlas and Cabras and the island of Principe (c.40 sq mi/100 sq km) and the neighboring Pedras Tinhosas, Caroço, and Bombom. São Tomé is the capital and chief town.
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