Enugu ĕno͞o´go͞o [key], city (1991 est. pop. 279,000), SE Nigeria. It is a diversified industrial center and a road and rail hub. Furniture, ceramics, textiles, shoes, asbestos, cement, oxygen and acetylene gases, and steel are the chief products. Enugu developed as a mining town after the discovery of coal in 1909. In 1916 the railroad from Port Harcourt reached Enugu. The city served as capital of Nigeria's former Southern (1929–39) and Eastern (1939–67) regions, and of the short-lived secessionist state of Biafra (1967–70). Coal mining in the area reached its height in the 1950s, slowed in the 1960s and 1970s because of civil war and Nigeria's increased petroleum production, and ended in the early 21st cent. A campus of the Univ. of Nigeria is in Enugu, as well as Enugu State Univ. of Science and Technology and other colleges.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2023, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Nigeria Political Geography