Westmoreland, William Childs,
1914?2005, U.S. general, b. Spartanburg co., S.C. He graduated from West Point in 1936 and fought with distinction in North Africa and Europe during World War II and later (1952?53) in Korea. After serving (1960?64) as superintendent of West Point, Westmoreland attained (1964) the rank of general and commanded (1964?68) U.S. military forces in Vietnam (see Vietnam War
). He then assumed the position of army chief of staff, which he held until his retirement in 1972. In 1974 he was defeated in the Republican primary election for governor of South Carolina.
See his memoirs, A Soldier Reports (1976); biographies by S. Zaffiri (1994) and L. Sorley (2011).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies