1845–1929, American lawyer, b. Roxbury, Mass., grad. Harvard, 1866. He attended Harvard law school and was admitted (1869) to the bar. He was (1867–69) secretary to Charles Sumner and thereafter practiced law in Boston. Noted for his reform leanings, he fought political corruption, opposed American colonial expansion, and sought the advancement of African Americans and Native Americans in the United States. He was president of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People from 1910 until his death.
See biography by M. A. De Wolfe Howe (1932); study by W. B. Hixson (1972).
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