Mary of Modena

Mary of Modena mŏd´ĭnə [key], 1658–1718, queen consort of James II of England; daughter of Alfonso IV, duke of Modena. Her marriage (1673) to James, then duke of York, was brought about through the influence of Louis XIV of France. Mary was a devout Roman Catholic and therefore unpopular in Protestant England. When she bore a son in 1688, it was widely rumored that this Catholic heir to the throne was a changeling, and fear of a Catholic succession precipitated the Glorious Revolution that overthrew James II. Mary fled to France with her son, James Francis Edward Stuart , and worked tirelessly to advance his claims to the English throne (see Jacobites ).

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