Douglas-Home, Alexander Frederick, Baron Home of the Hirsel
In Oct., 1963, he became prime minister after Harold Macmillan's resignation, emerging as the controversial compromise choice of a divided party. The first peer to become prime minister since 1902, he renounced his Scottish title for life and took a seat in Commons as
After the Conservative defeat in Oct., 1964, he led the opposition until July, 1965. During his term as Conservative party leader, reforms gave the party's members of Parliament the power to elect the party leader. Douglas-Home was foreign secretary (1970–74) under Edward Heath. He retained his seat in Commons until 1974, when he was created a life peer.
See his autobiography The Way the Wind Blows (1976).
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