Alanbrooke, Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount ăl´ənbro͝ok˝ [key]
, 1883–1963, British general. He entered the field artillery in 1902 and served with distinction during World War I. In the 1930s he made himself a master of mechanized warfare. At the beginning of World War II he commanded the 2d Army Corps in France and was (1940–41) commander in chief of the British Home Forces. From Dec., 1941, to 1946 he was chief of the imperial general staff and participated in the war conferences of Winston Churchill, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin. He was made Baron Alanbrooke in 1945 and Viscount Alanbrooke in 1946.
See biographies by D. Fraser (1982) and A. Danchev (2001); A. Roberts, Masters and Commanders (2009).
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