Tahmasp tmsp [key], 1514?76, shah of Persia (1524?76), son and successor of Ismail and the second of the Safavid dynasty. He successfully repulsed persistent invasions by the Uzbeks. Sulayman I also invaded Persia, continuing the wars between Ottomans and Persians commenced by Selim I. One stage of these wars ended with a peace treaty in 1555. In 1561 an Englishman, Anthony Jenkinson, succeeded in establishing a trade route to Central Asia and Persia across Russia. Continual warfare during the reign of Tahmasp helped bring about internal decline.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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