Grau San Martn, Ramn
Grau San Martn, Ramn rm?n grou sn mrt?n [key], 1887?1969, president of Cuba (1933?34, 1944?48). Professor of medicine at the Univ. of Havana, Grau San Martn opposed Gerardo Machado. He then joined with student radicals and the military junta that ousted Carlos Manuel de Cspedes and was named provisional president. Grau was in turn removed from office by a coup led by Fulgencio Batista y Zaldvar. He lost the presidential election to Batista in 1940, but he won in the free election of 1944 and as president launched a widely hailed program of social and economic readjustment. Corruption and nepotism were soon rife, and former supporters turned against him. A booming economy, however, favored the election (1948) of Grau's candidate, Carlos Pro Socarrs. Grau's political influence remained strong during Pro's regime, and when Batista ousted Pro (1952) in a second coup, he retained a measure of popularity. In 1954 he ran against Batista but charged fraud before the election and retired. After Batista's ouster (1959) by Fidel Castro, Grau remained in Cuba.
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