Suttner, Bertha (Gräfin Kinsky), Freifrau von

Suttner, Bertha (Gräfin Kinsky), Freifrau von bĕrˈtä, grāfˈĭn kĭnsˈkē, frīˈfrou fən zo͝otˈnər [key], 1843–1914, Austrian novelist, known chiefly as an ardent pacifist. Her pacifist novel Die Waffen nieder (1889, tr. Lay Down Your Arms, 1892) had great social impact. Through her subsequent friendship with Alfred Nobel, she influenced him to establish the Nobel Prizes. She was the first woman awarded (1905) the Nobel Peace Prize.

See her Memoirs (1909, tr. 1910); biography by B. Kempf (tr. 1973).

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