Pye, John, 1782–1874, English engraver, founder of modern landscape engraving. As an illustrator for popular art annuals, he executed plates for landscapes by J. M. W. Turner , Claude Lorrain , and Gaspard Poussin . The British Museum has his impressions for Turner's Liber Studiorum. By his expert use of chiaroscuro, he translated works in color into effective black-and-white engravings. He wrote Patronage of British Art (1845).
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