Sand Creek, Colorado, site of a massacre (1864) of Cheyenne by Col. John M. Chivington and his Colorado Volunteers. The Cheyennes, led by Black Kettle, had offered to make peace and, at the suggestion of military personnel, had encamped at Sand Creek near Fort Lyon while awaiting word from the territory's governor. They were attacked in a dawn raid on Nov. 29, 1864. Chivington and his men, ignoring a white flag, slaughtered and mutilated hundreds of men, women, and children. The
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site (est. 2007) commemorates the event (see National Parks and Monuments, table).
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