Pacific Islands, Trust Territory of the
In 1947 the islands were made a territorial trusteeship, and they were placed under the administration of the U.S. Dept. of the Interior. In 1962 the administrative center was moved to Saipan. As the result of negotiations for termination of the trusteeship, the Northern Mariana Islands gained U.S. commonwealth status in 1978, and three other self-governing units, under the military protection of the United States, were established: Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Marshall Islands. The trusteeship was dissolved in 1990, but Palau remained a trust territory until 1994. See also Caroline Islands.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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