Clark, Mark Wayne

Clark, Mark Wayne, 1896–1984, U.S. general, b. Madison Barracks, N.Y. A West Point graduate, he served as a captain in World War I and rose to become (1942) army ground forces chief of staff. During World War II, he commanded (1943–44) the U.S. 5th Army in N Africa and in Italy, became (1944) Allied commander in Italy, and was promoted (1945) to full general. He served (1945) as head of the U.S. occupation forces in Austria. From May, 1952, to Oct., 1953, he was supreme commander of UN forces in Korea and also commander of U.S. forces in East Asia. Retiring from the army, he served (1954–66) as president of The Citadel, at Charleston, S.C. Calculated Risk (1950) and From the Danube to the Yalu (1954) are his memoirs of World War II and of the postwar period.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2024, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies